Cardiac hypertrophy in diabetic spontaneously hypertensive rats: Role of angiotensin II?

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Abstract

1. In the present study the role of angiotensin II (AngII) in the development of cardiac hypertrophy in diabetes combined with hypertension was investigated. 2. Diabetes was induced in 8-week-old male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) by intravenous injection of streptozotocin (45 mg/kg bodyweight). Diabetic SHR were treated with the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor ramipril at a dose of 0.4 mg/kg per day. 3. Twelve weeks following the onset of diabetes, hearts were arrested in diastole and were perfusion-fixed. The fight ventricle and left ventricle plus septum were weighed and the volume of the ventricular walls was determined using the Cavalieri principle. 4. Induction of diabetes in SHR led to a significant reduction in bodyweight compared with non-diabetic control SHR and this was not affected by ramipril treatment. The development of hypertension was not as great in diabetic SHR compared with controls, such that at 12 weeks following the onset of diabetes systolic blood pressures (SBP) averaged 191 ± 3 and 230 ± 4 mmHg in diabetic SHR and controls, respectively. Ramipril treatment significantly lowered SBP in diabetic SHR. 5. The left ventricle plus septum volume:bodyweight ratio (IN vol:BW) was significantly higher in diabetic SHR compared with controls (3.83 ± 0.19 and 3.26 ± 0.16 mm3/g, respectively). Ramipril treatment did not affect growth of the left ventricle in diabetic SHR with the LV vol:BW ratio averaging 3.95 ± 0.14mm3/g. Similar trends on growth were observed in the fight ventricle. 6. In conclusion, the development of cardiac hypertrophy in diabetic SHR appears to occur by mechanisms independent of AngII and the elevation of blood pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-448
Number of pages4
JournalClinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1997

Keywords

  • angiotensin II
  • angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition
  • cardiac hypertrophy
  • diabetes
  • heart
  • hypertension
  • left ventricle
  • right ventricle
  • spontaneously hypertensive rat
  • stereology

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