Cardiac genes show contextual SWI/SNF interactions with distinguishable gene activities

Lisa Chang, Helen Kiriazis, Xiao Ming Gao, Xiao Jun Du, Assam El-Osta

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent experimental evidence indicates that cardiac and chromatin remodeling are associated with changes in gene expression mediated by Brahma-related gene 1 (Brg1), a member of the large group of SWI/SNF subunits. The second catalytic member of this family is Brahma (Brm), which shares close sequence homology to Brg1. Despite the sequence similarities, these determinants are found in distinct regulatory complexes; however, the precise nature and role of these remodeling enzymes in the failing heart remains unknown. Here we have hypothesized that Brg1 and Brm form distinct complexes in regulating gene expression in an animal model of cardiac hypertrophy. We have identified that the hypertrophic myocardium is characterized by profound morphological changes associated with increased expression of ANP (Nppa), BNP (Nppb) and β-MHC (Myh7) genes, correlating with reduced expression of the α-MHC (Myh6) and SERCA2A (Atp2a2) genes. Histone deacetylase inhibition prevented left ventricular hypertrophy indicating that the reexpression of gene activity can be associated with both contextual and distinct SWI/SNF interactions. We hypothesize that cardiac hypertrophy and the fetal gene expression program are associated with distinguishable binding of Brm and Brg1 on genes present in distinct complexes, suggesting possible independent-regulatory roles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)760-768
Number of pages9
JournalEpigenetics
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Cardiac
  • Chromatin
  • Epigenetic
  • Histone
  • Hypertrophy
  • Vasculature

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