Manifestations cardiovasculaires de l’intoxication cyanhydrique aiguë

Translated title of the contribution: Cardiac disorders of cyanide intoxication

J. L. Fortin, E. Robeley, G. Capellier, Thibaut Desmettre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOtherpeer-review


Cyanide poisoning most often occurs during accidental inhalation of fire fumes. Cyanide inhibits cytochrome oxidase mitochondrial resulting in a cessation of oxygen consumption with deviation metabolism to an anaerobic mode. Alongside the classic respiratory and neurological clinical signs, epidemiology of cardiovascular events is poorly documented. If cardiopulmonary arrest and hypotension are quickly identified, other cardiac signs must be recognized as arrhythmias, conduction and repolarisation including poisoned patients at low doses. The realization of an electrocardiogram is systematic. Given its potential severity, specific treatment of acute cyanide poisoning should be initiated without delay, immediately after the recognition of the symptoms. Of all antidotes, hydroxocobalamin is the firstline treatment. Administration is carried out intravenously on the average dosage of 5 g, which can be repeated, or even 10 g immediately in case of cardiac arrest.

Translated title of the contributionCardiac disorders of cyanide intoxication
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)106-111
Number of pages6
JournalAnnales Francaises de Medecine d'Urgence
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardiac disorders
  • Cyanide
  • Fire
  • Hydroxocobalamin

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