Cardiac Arrest and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Outcome Reports: Update of the Utstein Resuscitation Registry Templates for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Gavin D. Perkins, Ian G Jacobs, Vinay M. Nadkarni, Robert A. Berg, Farhan Bhanji, Dominique Biarent, Leo Bossaert, Stephen J. Brett, Douglas Chamberlain, Allan R. de Caen, Charles D. Deakin, Judith C. Finn, Jan Thorsten Gräsner, Mary Fran Hazinski, Taku Iwami, Rudolph W. Koster, Swee Han Lim, Matthew Huei-Ming Ma, Bryan F. McNally, Peter T. MorleyLaurie J Morrison, Koenraad G. Monsieurs, William Montgomery, Graham Nichol, Kazuo Okada, Marcus Eng Hock Ong, Andrew H. Travers, Jerry P. Nolan, Richard P. Aikin, Bernd W. Böttiger, Clifton W Callaway, Maaret K. Castren, Mickey S. Eisenberg, Monica E. Kleinman, David A. Kloeck, Walter G. Kloeck, Mary E. Mancini, Robert W. Neumar, Joseph P. Ornato, Edison F. Paiva, Mary Ann Peberdy, Jasmeet Soar, Thomas Rea, Alfredo F. Sierra, David Stanton, David A. Zideman, for the Utstein Collaborators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOtherpeer-review

250 Citations (Scopus)


Utstein-style guidelines contribute to improved public health internationally by providing a structured framework with which to compare emergency medical services systems. Advances in resuscitation science, new insights into important predictors of outcome from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, and lessons learned from methodological research prompted this review and update of the 2004 Utstein guidelines. Representatives of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation developed an updated Utstein reporting framework iteratively by meeting face to face, by teleconference, and by Web survey during 2012 through 2014. Herein are recommendations for reporting out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Data elements were grouped by system factors, dispatch/recognition, patient variables, resuscitation/postresuscitation processes, and outcomes. Elements were classified as core or supplemental using a modified Delphi process primarily based on respondents' assessment of the evidence-based importance of capturing those elements, tempered by the challenges to collect them. New or modified elements reflected consensus on the need to account for emergency medical services system factors, increasing availability of automated external defibrillators, data collection processes, epidemiology trends, increasing use of dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation, emerging field treatments, postresuscitation care, prognostication tools, and trends in organ recovery. A standard reporting template is recommended to promote standardized reporting. This template facilitates reporting of the bystander-witnessed, shockable rhythm as a measure of emergency medical services system efficacy and all emergency medical services system-treated arrests as a measure of system effectiveness. Several additional important subgroups are identified that enable an estimate of the specific contribution of rhythm and bystander actions that are key determinants of outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)328-340
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2015


  • AHA Scientific Statements
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
  • Registry
  • Resuscitation
  • Utstein

Cite this

Perkins, G. D., Jacobs, I. G., Nadkarni, V. M., Berg, R. A., Bhanji, F., Biarent, D., Bossaert, L., Brett, S. J., Chamberlain, D., de Caen, A. R., Deakin, C. D., Finn, J. C., Gräsner, J. T., Hazinski, M. F., Iwami, T., Koster, R. W., Lim, S. H., Ma, M. H-M., McNally, B. F., ... for the Utstein Collaborators (2015). Cardiac Arrest and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Outcome Reports: Update of the Utstein Resuscitation Registry Templates for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. Resuscitation, 96, 328-340.