Carbon-rich extremely metal poor stars: signatures of population III asymptotic giant branch stars in binary systems

Ho Bun Lau, Richard James Stancliffe, Christopher A Tout

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


We use the Cambridge stellar evolution code STARS to model the evolution and nucleosynthesis of zero-metallicity intermediate-mass stars. We investigate the effect of duplicity on the nucleosynthesis output of these systems and the potential abundances of the secondaries. The surfaces of zero-metallicity stars are enriched in CNO elements after second dredge-up. During binary interaction, such as Roche lobe overflow or wind accretion, metals can be released from these stars and the secondaries enriched in CNO isotopes. We investigate the formation of the two most metal poor stars known, HE 0107-5240 and HE 1327-2326. The observed carbon and nitrogen abundances of HE 0107-5240 can be reproduced by accretion of material from the companion-enhanced wind of a 7-M-circle dot star after second dredge-up, though oxygen and sodium are underproduced. We speculate that HE 1327-2326, which is richer in nitrogen and strontium, may similarly be formed by wind accretion in a later asymptotic giant branch phase after third dredge-up.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)563 - 568
Number of pages6
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

Cite this