Carbon Nanotube Membranes: A New Frontier in Membrane Science

Mainak Majumder, Pulickel Ajayan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Otherpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are well known for their remarkable electrical, optical, and mechanical properties; however, in recent years, there has been a growing interest in mass-transport properties through the inner core of CNTs or the interstice in a vertically oriented CNT array. This chapter discusses state-of-the-art approaches in the fabrication of macroscopic membranes from such nanoscale materials. The usefulness of this exciting material for various applications, in the light of their extremely fast mass-transport characteristics, chemical tuneability, and stimuli-responsive behavior, is elaborated. In addition, we discuss the potential of these membranes in applications such as functional nanofluidic components in microfluidic platforms, electrochemical membrane reactors, and desalination of seawater. Finally, major challenges and directions of future research of this emerging area are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering
EditorsEnrico Drioli, Lidietta Giorno
Place of PublicationItaly
PublisherElsevier
Pages291-310
Number of pages20
Volume1
Edition1st
ISBN (Electronic)9780080932507
ISBN (Print)9780444532046
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Carbon nanotube membranes
  • Desalination
  • Nanofluidics
  • Stimuli-responsive membranes
  • Water transport

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