In this paper, we investigate the capacity of a point-to-point, full-duplex (FD) wirelessly powered communication system impaired by self-interference. This system is comprised of an energy transmitter (ET) and an energy harvesting user (EHU), which operates in the FD mode. The ET transmits energy toward the EHU. The EHU harvests this energy and uses it to transmit information back to the ET. As a result of the FD mode, both nodes are affected by self-interference. The self-interference has different effects at the two nodes. In particular, the self-interference impairs the decoding of the received information signal at the ET, whereas it serves as an additional source of energy at the EHU. In this paper, we derive the capacity of the adopted system model assuming a processing cost at the EHU and an additive white Gaussian noise channel with block fading. Thereby, we show that the capacity achieving scheme is relatively simple and therefore applicable to devices with limited resources. Moreover, our numerical results show significant improvements in terms of data rate when the capacity achieving strategy is employed compared to half-duplex transmission, even for very high self-interference at the ET. Moreover, we show the positive effects of the self-interference at the EHU, as well as the crippling effect of the processing cost.
- Channel capacity
- energy harvesting