BACKGROUND: Cerebellar Ataxia with Neuropathy and bilateral Vestibular Areflexia Syndrome (CANVAS) is a multi-system ataxia which results in cerebellar ataxia, a bilateral vestibulopathy and a somatosensory deficit. This sensory deficit has recently been shown to be a neuronopathy, with marked dorsal root ganglia neuronal loss. The characteristic oculomotor clinical sign is an abnormal visually enhanced vestibulo-ocular reflex. OBJECTIVE: To outline the expanding understanding of the pathology in this condition, as well as diagnostic and management issues encountered in clinical practice. METHODS: Retrospective data on 80 CANVAS patients is reviewed. RESULTS: In addition to the triad of cerebellar impairment, bilateral vestibulopathy and a somatosensory deficit, CANVAS patients may also present with orthostatic hypotension, a chronic cough and neuropathic pain. Management of falls risk and dysphagia is a major clinical priority. CONCLUSIONS: CANVAS is an increasingly recognised cause of late-onset ataxia and disequilibrium, and is likely to be a recessive disorder.
|Pages (from-to)||465 - 474|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|