Can Financial Technology Innovate Benefit Distribution in Payments for Ecosystem Services and REDD+?

Research output: Contribution to journalComment / DebateOtherpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Benefit distribution in Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) and REDD+ involves the disbursement of cash or in-kind incentives to local participants that opt to manage their land in ways that increase or maintain ecosystem service provision. For decades, existing benefit distribution approaches have been debated by academics, and presented challenges for conservation practitioners. In passing through long chains of project actors, payments incur high transaction costs and are susceptible to elite capture and corruption. A new type of financial technology (FinTech) – ‘mobile money’ – could offer a novel and available solution to these challenges, at what is now a critical stage in PES and REDD+ implementation. Mobile payments (made via cell phones) have been used successfully in development projects related to micro-credit, micro-insurance, and aid relief, and this commentary considers their possible advantages and drawbacks for PES/REDD+ schemes. Several countries e.g. Cambodia, China, Tanzania, and the Philippines demonstrate both high PES/REDD+ uptake, and high mobile money penetration. In certain circumstances benefit distribution via FinTech may lower transaction costs, enable higher frequency payments, and provide new socioeconomic benefits. It could also improve the privacy, transparency, traceability, and security of disbursements, contributing to more efficient and equitable PES and REDD+ schemes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-157
Number of pages8
JournalEcological Economics
Volume139
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Benefit sharing
  • Conservation
  • Economic incentives
  • Environmental services
  • Mobile payments
  • Transaction cost

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