TY - JOUR

T1 - Calculating poverty measures from the generalised beta income distribution

AU - Chotikapanich, Duangkamon

AU - Griffiths, William Edward

AU - Karunarathne, Wasana

AU - Rao, D S Prasada

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Data for measuring poverty are frequently available in a summary form that describes the proportion of income or expenditure for each of a number of population proportions. While various discrete poverty measures can be applied directly to data in this limited form, they typically require an arbitrary approach to within-group interpolation. This problem can be overcome by fitting either a parametric income distribution or a Lorenz curve to the grouped data and computing the required quantities from estimated parameters. The Lorenz curve approach is widely used by the World Bank, but can encounter problems. As an alternative, in this article we show how to calculate several poverty measures from parameters of the generalized beta income distribution, and its popular special cases. An analysis of poverty changes in countries from South and Southeast Asia is used to illustrate the methodology.

AB - Data for measuring poverty are frequently available in a summary form that describes the proportion of income or expenditure for each of a number of population proportions. While various discrete poverty measures can be applied directly to data in this limited form, they typically require an arbitrary approach to within-group interpolation. This problem can be overcome by fitting either a parametric income distribution or a Lorenz curve to the grouped data and computing the required quantities from estimated parameters. The Lorenz curve approach is widely used by the World Bank, but can encounter problems. As an alternative, in this article we show how to calculate several poverty measures from parameters of the generalized beta income distribution, and its popular special cases. An analysis of poverty changes in countries from South and Southeast Asia is used to illustrate the methodology.

U2 - 10.1111/1475-4932.12031

DO - 10.1111/1475-4932.12031

M3 - Article

VL - 89

SP - 48

EP - 66

JO - Economic Record

JF - Economic Record

SN - 0013-0249

IS - S1

ER -