Bystander suppression of allergic airway inflammation by lung resident memory CD8+ T cells

Benjamin J. Marsland, Nicola L. Harris, Mali Camberis, Manfred Kopf, Sarah M. Hook, Graham Le Gros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CD8+ memory T cells have recently been recognized as playing a key role in natural immunity against unrelated viral infections, a phenomenon referred to as "heterologous antiviral immunity." We now provide data that the cellular immunological interactions that underlie such heterologous immunity can play an equally important role in regulating T helper 2 immune responses and protecting mucosal surfaces from allergen-induced inflammation. Our data show that CD8+ T cells, either retained in the lung after infection with influenza virus, or adoptively transferred via the intranasal route can suppress allergic airway inflammation. The suppression is mediated by IFN-γ, which acts to reduce the activation level, T helper 2 cytokine production, airways hyperresponsiveness, and migration of allergen-specific CD4+ T cells into the lung, whereas the systemic and draining lymph node responses remain unchanged. Of note, adoptive transfer of previously activated transgenic CD8+ T cells conferred protection against allergic airway inflammation, even in the absence of specific-antigen. Airway resident CD8+ T cells produced IFN-γ when directly exposed to conditioned media from activated dendritic cells or the proinflammatory cytokines IL-12 and IL-18. Taken together these data indicate that effector/memory CD8+ T cells present in the airways produce IFN-γ after inflammatory stimuli, independent of specific-antigen, and as a consequence play a key role in modifying the degree and frequency of allergic responses in the lung.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6116-6121
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume101
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2004
Externally publishedYes

Cite this