Building public confidence in parole boards: findings from a four-country study

Robin Fitzgerald, Arie Freiberg, Shannon Dodd, Lorana Bartels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Parole and parole boards play critical roles in criminal justice systems. With parolee numbers and imprisonment rates increasing in many countries, parole decision-making is a crucial contributor to prison population sizes and, more broadly, public confidence in the operation of correctional systems. This article examines the public understanding of and confidence in parole, from the perspectives of parole board members and other parole authority staff. It aims to determine whether and, if so, how, public opinion influences parole decision-making and how parole boards feel they can or should respond to this. It draws on interviews with 80 parole board members and other relevant staff in Australia, New Zealand, Canada and Scotland.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1395-1413
Number of pages19
JournalThe British Journal of Criminology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • decision-making
  • parole
  • parole boards
  • public confidence

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