In this study, a structure-activity relationship (SAR) compound series based on the NDH-2 inhibitor diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) was synthesised. Compounds were evaluated primarily for in vitro efficacy against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, commonly responsible for nosocomial and community acquired infections. In addition, we also assessed the activity of these compounds against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Tuberculosis) and Plasmodium spp. (Malaria). This led to the discovery of highly potent compounds active against bacterial pathogens and malaria parasites in the low nanomolar range, several of which were significantly less toxic to mammalian cells.
- Type II NADH-quinone oxidoreductase