Bringing back gendered states: Feminist second image theorizing of international states

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Feminist scholars of international relations argue that gender is central, not peripheral, to the constitution of the state and to change “in” and “of” the interstate system. Western and non-Western patriarchal structures shape and constrain what states are, what they do, and how. They have played a crucial role in the constitution of state identities, diplomatic practices, and the maintenance, transformation, and expansion of the society of states. The unraveling of patriarchal structures in many parts of the world has implications for international society and the quest for order and justice. The increasing breakdown of patriarchal social contacts is fueling gendered violence at all levels, including the explicit targeting of women and girls in intrastate and international conflicts. This violence is at once an embodiment of, and a threat to, sovereign statehood.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRevisiting gendered states
Subtitle of host publicationFeminist imaginings of the state in international relations
EditorsSwati Parashar, J. Ann Tickner, Jacqui True
Place of PublicationNew York USA
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9780190644062
ISBN (Print)9780190644055
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Publication series

NameOxford Studies in Gender and International Relations
PublisherOxford University Press


  • anarchy
  • patriarchy
  • gender-based violence
  • gender
  • international society

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