Bottom up modeling of the connectome: Linking structure and function in the resting brain and their changes in aging

Tristan T. Nakagawa, Viktor K. Jirsa, Andreas Spiegler, Anthony R. McIntosh, Gustavo Deco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With the increasing availability of advanced imaging technologies, we are entering a new era of neuroscience. Detailed descriptions of the complex brain network enable us to map out a structural connectome, characterize it with graph theoretical methods, and compare it to the functional networks with increasing detail. To link these two aspects and understand how dynamics and structure interact to form functional brain networks in task and in the resting state, we use theoretical models. The advantage of using theoretical models is that by recreating functional connectivity and time series explicitly from structure and pre-defined dynamics, we can extract critical mechanisms by linking structure and function in ways not directly accessible in the real brain. Recently, resting-state models with varying local dynamics have reproduced empirical functional connectivity patterns, and given support to the view that the brain works at a critical point at the edge of a bifurcation of the system. Here, we present an overview of a modeling approach of the resting brain network and give an application of a neural mass model in the study of complexity changes in aging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-329
Number of pages12
JournalNeuroImage
Volume80
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Complexity
  • Criticality
  • MSE
  • Multiscale entropy
  • Resting-state models
  • Structure-function

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