Boron nitride cones: Structure determination by transmission electron microscopy

Laure Bourgeois, Yoshio Bando, Satoshi Shinozaki, Keiji Kurashima, Tadao Sato

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Abstract

A form of turbostratic boron nitride containing a large percentage of micrometre-size conically shaped particles was investigated by transmission electron microscopy. Electron diffraction patterns revealed the presence of correlations between adjacent boron nitride layers. The diffraction patterns were also used to determine the cone apex angle of many cone-like objects. The apex angles exhibited a broad distribution from 84 to 130° with an ill defined peak in the 92-95° region. These results could be accounted for by a structure model in which conical boron nitride layers are helically wound about a disclination axis, according to overlap angles that correspond to high densities of coincidental lattice sites between successive layers. The clustering of the apex angles near 93° was attributed to the formation of a square ring during the nucleation stage. This appears to be specific to the boron nitride system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-177
Number of pages10
JournalActa Crystallographica Section A: Foundations of Crystallography
Volume55
Issue number2 PART I
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 1999
Externally publishedYes

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