Objective Selection of patients with acute ischemic stroke for endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) is complex and time-critical. Benefits of EVT are well established for patients with small core infarcts. The aim of this study was to compare clinical outcomes of EVT in patients with larger established infarcts (Alberta Stroke Programme Early CT Score [ASPECTS] ≤6) with patients with smaller infarcts (ASPECTS 7–10). Methods The study included 355 patients with acute ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion who underwent EVT. ASPECTS was assigned to baseline noncontrast computed tomography, and collateral perfusion scores were assigned to multiphase computed tomography angiography. Baseline stroke severity, collateral grading, and clinical outcome data (complication rate, symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage and 90-day modified Rankin Scale score) were compared between patients with borderline (≤6) and high (7–10) ASPECTS. Results There were 34 (10%) patients with borderline ASPECTS. There was no difference in rate of good clinical outcome (37% vs. 46%, P = 0.852), symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (9% vs. 9%, P = 0.984), or mortality (20% vs. 22%, P = 0.818) between patients with borderline ASPECTS and high ASPECTS at 90 days. Moreover, there was no significant difference in collateral perfusion grade. Conclusions This study identifies similar clinical benefit of EVT in patients with acute large vessel occlusion stroke with borderline ASPECTS and high ASPECTS.
- Acute ischemic stroke
- Collateral circulation
- Endovascular thrombectomy
- Interventional neuroradiology