Book review: Howard, J. (2012): Distressed or Deliberately Defiant? Managing Challenging Student Behaviour Due to Trauma and Disorganised Attachment

Research output: Contribution to journalShort ReviewOtherpeer-review


There is hope that every child born into the world will experience a normal developmental trajectory into adolescence and adulthood. This means that his or her needs for safety and protection are met in order to facilitate healthy identity formation, and that a positive self-concept is cultivated through trusting, nurturing relationships during the formative years. When the healthy developmental trajectory is disrupted, as in the case of children who have experienced physical, emotional or sexual abuse or neglect, the goal of maintaining and sustaining future healthy relationships and emotional resilience is not always achievable. In recent years, there has been increasing literature to help practitioners view diagnosis, intervention, and assessment through a “trauma lens” to cater to the specific and unique needs of this client population. The lens is also responsible for guiding practitioners and researchers towards greater empathy, understanding, and awareness of the complex needs...
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-142
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • developmental trajectory
  • challenge behaviour
  • crisis management
  • student behaviour
  • trauma history

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