• Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in men with prostate cancer increases the risk of osteoporotic fractures, type 2 diabetes and, possibly, cardiovascular events. • There is considerable uncertainty about the risk-benefit ratio of ADT in non-palliative treatment; the benefits of ADT in treating non-metastatic prostate cancer need to be carefully weighed against the risks of ADT-induced adverse events. • Baseline assessment of bone health at the initiation of ADT should include measurement of bone mineral density (BMD) by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry and, in men with osteopaenia, a thoracolumbar spine x-ray. • General measures to prevent bone loss, including regular physical activity, as well as ensuring calcium and vitamin D sufficiency, should be instituted routinely. • All men with a previous minimal trauma fracture should receive pharmacological therapy unless contraindicated; for those who have not sustained a minimal trauma fracture, treatment is advised if the BMD T score is ≤-2.0, or if the 10-year risk of a major osteoporotic fracture exceeds 20%. • Men with prostate cancer who are receiving ADT should be closely monitored for weight gain and diabetes; intensive lifestyle intervention is recommended to prevent ADT-induced weight gain and insulin resistance. • Management of the metabolic sequelae of ADT includes optimal reduction of cardiovascular risk factors, with particular attention to weight, blood pressure, lipid profile, smoking cessation, and glycaemic control.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Medical Journal of Australia|
|Publication status||Published - 21 Mar 2011|