Body dysmorphic disorder: a review of nosology, cognition and neurobiology

Benjamin Gordon Buchanan, Susan Lee Rossell, David Jonathan Castle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An understanding of the neurocognitive and neurobiological underpinnings of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is important in differentiating BDD from related disorders, namely obsessive?compulsive disorder and psychotic disorders. Similar cognitive anomalies in executive function, spatial visual processing and memory (bias to process detailed visual information) have been found in BDD and obsessive?compulsive disorder samples, while schizophrenia patients display more pervasive cognitive deficits. Emotional hyperactivity and misinterpretation of emotion in others have been found in BDD, with similar results to obsessive?compulsive disorder samples. Neuroimaging has shown abnormalities in the prefrontal cortex, visual cortex, caudate nucleus and right amygdala in BDD patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71 - 80
Number of pages10
JournalNeuropsychiatry
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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