Bluff bodies and wake-wall interactions

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5 Citations (Scopus)


This review surveys the dramatic variations in wake structures and flow transitions, in addition to body forces, that appear as the motion of bluff bodies through a fluid occurs increasingly closer to a solid wall. In particular, we discuss the two cases of bluff bodies translating parallel to solid walls at varying heights and bluff bodies impacting on solid walls. In the former case, we highlight the changes to the wake structures as the flow varies from that of an isolated body to that of a body on or very close to the wall, including the effects when the body is rotating. For the latter case of an impacting body, we review the flow structures following impact and their transition to three-dimensionality. We discuss the issue of whether there is solid-solid contact between the bluff body and a wall and its importance to body motion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-376
Number of pages30
JournalAnnual Review of Fluid Mechanics
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • Bluff bodies
  • flow stability
  • solid solid contact
  • wake transitions
  • wall interactions

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