Blood Pressure and Vascular Cognitive Impairment

Deborah A. Levine, Mellanie V. Springer, Amy Brodtmann

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


High blood pressure (BP) is detrimental to brain health. High BP contributes to cognitive impairment and dementia through pathways independent of clinical stroke. Emerging evidence shows that the deleterious effect of high BP on cognition occurs across the life span, increasing the risk for early-onset and late-life dementia. The term vascular cognitive impairment includes cognitive disorders associated with cerebrovascular disease, regardless of the pathogenesis. This focused report is a narrative review that aims to summarize the epidemiology of BP and vascular cognitive impairment, including differences by sex, race, and ethnicity, as well as the management and reversibility of BP and vascular cognitive impairment. It also discusses knowledge gaps and future directions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1104-1113
Number of pages10
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • blood pressure
  • dementia
  • epidemiology
  • ethnicity
  • knowledge

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