Blockchain-empowered socially optimal transactive energy system: framework and Implementation

Qing Yang, Hao Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


Transactive energy plays a key role in the operation and energy management of future power systems. However, the conventional operational mechanism, which follows a centralized design, is often less secure, vulnerable to malicious behaviors, and suffers from privacy leakage. In this article, we introduce blockchain technology in transactive energy to address these challenges. Specifically, we develop a novel blockchain-based transactive energy framework for prosumers and design a decentralized energy trading algorithm that matches the operation of the underlying blockchain system. We prove that the trading algorithm improves the individual benefit and guarantees the socially optimal performance, and thus, incentivizes prosumers to join the transactive energy platform. Moreover, we evaluate the feasibility of the transactive energy platform throughout the implementation of a small-scale network of Internet of Things devices and extensive simulations using real-world data. Our results show that this blockchain-based transactive energy platform is feasible in practice, and the decentralized trading algorithm reduces the user's individual cost by up to 77% and lowers the overall cost by 24%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3122-3132
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2021


  • Blockchain
  • decentralized optimization
  • energy trading (ET)
  • privacy
  • smart grid
  • transactive energy

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