Blind image quality assessment for Gaussian blur images using exact Zernike moments and gradient magnitude

Chern Loon Lim, Raveendran Paramesran, Wissam A. Jassim, Yong Poh Yu, King Ngi Ngan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Features that exhibit human perception on the effect of blurring on digital images are useful in constructing a blur image quality metric. In this paper, we show some of the exact Zernike moments (EZMs) that closely model the human quality scores for images of varying degrees of blurriness can be used to measure these distortions. A theoretical framework is developed to identify these EZMs. Together with the selected EZMs, the gradient magnitude (GM), which measures the contrast information, is used as a weight in the formulation of the proposed blur metric. The design of the proposed metric consists of two stages. In the first stage, the EZM differences and the GM dissimilarities between the edge points of the test image and the same re-blurred image are extracted. Next, the mean of the weighted EZM features are then pooled to produce a quality score using support vector machine regressor (SVR). We compare the performance of the proposed blur metric with other state-of-the-art full-reference (FR) and no-reference (NR) blur metrics on three benchmark databases. The results using Pearson׳s correlation coefficient (CC) and Spearman׳s ranked-order correlation coefficient (SROCC) for the LIVE image database are 0.9659 and 0.9625 respectively. Similarly, high correlations with the subjective scores are achieved for the other two databases as well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4715-4733
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of the Franklin Institute
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes

Cite this