Biomimetic preparation of elastomeric fibers with micro/nano structures on the surfaces

Quanyong Liu, Liqun Zhang, Lei Jiang

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Bioinspired by the spinning of spider silks, the biomimetic preparation of elastomeric fibers with micro/nano structures on the surfaces was attempted, and as a result, three types of ultrafine full-vulcanized powdered nitrile-butadiene rubber (UFPNBR)/thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) fibers were made. The first fiber was only decorated by the micron-sized grooves on the surface, and the second fiber was dotted by both the micron-sized grooves and nanometer-sized spheres on the surface, while the third fiber was helical and with a concave-convex surface. The biomimetic preparation mainly consisted of four steps, and the formation mechanism was described as an integrated mechanism of diffusion, coagulation, self assembly, and microphase separation. The micro/nano structures on the fibers were controlled by changing the mass ratio of UFPNBR to TPU and environment of vertical stretching. The UFPNBR/TPU elastomeric fibers were hoped to have an integrated function of superhydrophobicity, self cleaning, and mechanical improvement of toughness or strength.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493-501
Number of pages9
JournalProgress in Natural Science: Materials International
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Biomimetic preparation
  • Elastomeric fiber
  • Micro/nano structure
  • Self assembly
  • Spider silk

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