Biomechanics of hip, knee and ankle joint loading during ascent and descent walking

Ahmad Nisam Amirudin, S. Parasuraman, Amudha Kadirvel, M. K.A. Ahmed Khan, I. Elamvazuthi

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperOther

    11 Citations (Scopus)


    A comprehensive movement analysis of stair climbing can support the evaluation of gait rehabilitation, joint replacement or prostheses development. In addition to this, the analysis of biomechanical and motor control aspects involved in staircase ascent and descent can be useful in in the design of private and public environment where staircase is employed. This research study provides the investigations of biomechanics and motor coordination in human's lower extremity during ascent and descent walking at different inclinations. Five normal subjects were ascended and descended a 3 step staircase at various inclinations. Subject's footsteps were instrumented with force sensors and provided footstep ground reaction force components at Metatarsals and Heel. Kinematics of Hip, Ankle and Knee was analyzed using Human Motion Tracking System and the results were discussed. Joint moments and force were computed using Inverse kinematics. A large impact on aging verses inclinations were observed in Hip, Knee and Ankle joint movements and discussed in the results session.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationInternational Symposium on Medical and Rehabilitation Robotics and Instrumentation, MRRI 2013
    Number of pages9
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    EventInternational Symposium on Medical and Rehabilitation Robotics and Instrumentation 2013 - Shah Alam, Malaysia
    Duration: 2 Dec 20134 Dec 2013 (Proceedings)

    Publication series

    NameProcedia Computer Science
    ISSN (Print)1877-0509


    ConferenceInternational Symposium on Medical and Rehabilitation Robotics and Instrumentation 2013
    Abbreviated titleMRRI 2013
    CityShah Alam
    Internet address


    • Biomechanics
    • Kinematics
    • Lower extremity
    • Mmotor control
    • Rehabilitation

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