Biomechanical implications of cortical elastic properties of the macaque mandible

Paul C. Dechow, Olga Panagiotopoulou, Poorva Gharpure

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Knowledge of the variation in the elastic properties of mandibular cortical bone is essential for modeling bone function. Our aim was to characterize the elastic properties of rhesus macaque mandibular cortical bone and compare these to the elastic properties from mandibles of dentate humans and baboons. Thirty cylindrical samples were harvested from each of six adult female rhesus monkey mandibles. Assuming orthotropy, axes of maximum stiffness in the plane of the cortical plate were derived from ultrasound velocity measurements. Further velocity measurements with longitudinal and transverse ultrasonic transducers along with measurements of bone density were used to compute three-dimensional cortical elastic properties using equations based on Hooke's law. Results showed regional variations in the elastic properties of macaque mandibular cortical bone that have both similarities and differences with that of humans and baboons. So far, the biological and structural basis of these differences is poorly understood.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-12
Number of pages10
JournalZoology
Volume124
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cortical bone
  • Craniofacial function
  • Elastic modulus
  • Mandible
  • Rhesus monkey

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