Biological responses to the press and pulse of climate trends and extreme events

R. M.B. Harris, L. J. Beaumont, T. R. Vance, C. R. Tozer, T. A. Remenyi, S. E. Perkins-Kirkpatrick, P. J. Mitchell, A. B. Nicotra, S. McGregor, N. R. Andrew, M. Letnic, M. R. Kearney, T. Wernberg, L. B. Hutley, L. E. Chambers, M. S. Fletcher, M. R. Keatley, C. A. Woodward, G. Williamson, N. C. Duke & 1 others D. M.J.S. Bowman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The interaction of gradual climate trends and extreme weather events since the turn of the century has triggered complex and, in some cases, catastrophic ecological responses around the world. We illustrate this using Australian examples within a press-pulse framework. Despite the Australian biota being adapted to high natural climate variability, recent combinations of climatic presses and pulses have led to population collapses, loss of relictual communities and shifts into novel ecosystems. These changes have been sudden and unpredictable, and may represent permanent transitions to new ecosystem states without adaptive management interventions. The press-pulse framework helps illuminate biological responses to climate change, grounds debate about suitable management interventions and highlights possible consequences of (non-) intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)579-587
Number of pages9
JournalNature Climate Change
Volume8
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • rainfall
  • climate indices
  • climate

Cite this

Harris, R. M. B., Beaumont, L. J., Vance, T. R., Tozer, C. R., Remenyi, T. A., Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S. E., ... Bowman, D. M. J. S. (2018). Biological responses to the press and pulse of climate trends and extreme events. Nature Climate Change, 8(7), 579-587. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0187-9
Harris, R. M.B. ; Beaumont, L. J. ; Vance, T. R. ; Tozer, C. R. ; Remenyi, T. A. ; Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S. E. ; Mitchell, P. J. ; Nicotra, A. B. ; McGregor, S. ; Andrew, N. R. ; Letnic, M. ; Kearney, M. R. ; Wernberg, T. ; Hutley, L. B. ; Chambers, L. E. ; Fletcher, M. S. ; Keatley, M. R. ; Woodward, C. A. ; Williamson, G. ; Duke, N. C. ; Bowman, D. M.J.S. / Biological responses to the press and pulse of climate trends and extreme events. In: Nature Climate Change. 2018 ; Vol. 8, No. 7. pp. 579-587.
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Harris, RMB, Beaumont, LJ, Vance, TR, Tozer, CR, Remenyi, TA, Perkins-Kirkpatrick, SE, Mitchell, PJ, Nicotra, AB, McGregor, S, Andrew, NR, Letnic, M, Kearney, MR, Wernberg, T, Hutley, LB, Chambers, LE, Fletcher, MS, Keatley, MR, Woodward, CA, Williamson, G, Duke, NC & Bowman, DMJS 2018, 'Biological responses to the press and pulse of climate trends and extreme events', Nature Climate Change, vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 579-587. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0187-9

Biological responses to the press and pulse of climate trends and extreme events. / Harris, R. M.B.; Beaumont, L. J.; Vance, T. R.; Tozer, C. R.; Remenyi, T. A.; Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S. E.; Mitchell, P. J.; Nicotra, A. B.; McGregor, S.; Andrew, N. R.; Letnic, M.; Kearney, M. R.; Wernberg, T.; Hutley, L. B.; Chambers, L. E.; Fletcher, M. S.; Keatley, M. R.; Woodward, C. A.; Williamson, G.; Duke, N. C.; Bowman, D. M.J.S.

In: Nature Climate Change, Vol. 8, No. 7, 01.07.2018, p. 579-587.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Biological responses to the press and pulse of climate trends and extreme events

AU - Harris, R. M.B.

AU - Beaumont, L. J.

AU - Vance, T. R.

AU - Tozer, C. R.

AU - Remenyi, T. A.

AU - Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S. E.

AU - Mitchell, P. J.

AU - Nicotra, A. B.

AU - McGregor, S.

AU - Andrew, N. R.

AU - Letnic, M.

AU - Kearney, M. R.

AU - Wernberg, T.

AU - Hutley, L. B.

AU - Chambers, L. E.

AU - Fletcher, M. S.

AU - Keatley, M. R.

AU - Woodward, C. A.

AU - Williamson, G.

AU - Duke, N. C.

AU - Bowman, D. M.J.S.

PY - 2018/7/1

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AB - The interaction of gradual climate trends and extreme weather events since the turn of the century has triggered complex and, in some cases, catastrophic ecological responses around the world. We illustrate this using Australian examples within a press-pulse framework. Despite the Australian biota being adapted to high natural climate variability, recent combinations of climatic presses and pulses have led to population collapses, loss of relictual communities and shifts into novel ecosystems. These changes have been sudden and unpredictable, and may represent permanent transitions to new ecosystem states without adaptive management interventions. The press-pulse framework helps illuminate biological responses to climate change, grounds debate about suitable management interventions and highlights possible consequences of (non-) intervention.

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KW - climate indices

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JO - Nature Climate Change

JF - Nature Climate Change

SN - 1758-678X

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Harris RMB, Beaumont LJ, Vance TR, Tozer CR, Remenyi TA, Perkins-Kirkpatrick SE et al. Biological responses to the press and pulse of climate trends and extreme events. Nature Climate Change. 2018 Jul 1;8(7):579-587. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0187-9