Bioinspired green composite lotus fibers

Mengxi Wu, Hua Shuai, Qunfeng Cheng, Lei Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Owing to the growing global environmental problems, demands for environmentally friendly, fully biodegradable sustainable composites have substantially increased across various industries. Inspired by the composite structure of cocoon silk, we fabricated a fully green composite fiber (GCF) that is based on the lotus fiber (LF) and a biodegradable polymer, namely poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). After the formation of cross-linkages between the LF and PVA, the mechanical properties of this bioinspired GCF had substantially improved. In particular, the specific mechanical properties are superior to those of cocoon silk and other natural fibers. These findings suggest that LFs may be used as reinforcement materials for the fabrication of bulk green materials for various industries, such as the textile, medical, automobile, and aerospace industries. Inspired by the composite structure of cocoon silk, a green composite fiber was continuously fabricated by combining lotus fiber and poly(vinyl alcohol). Its specific mechanical properties are superior to those of cocoon silk and other natural fibers, such as jute, cotton, sisal, and ramie.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3358-3361
Number of pages4
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Volume53
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • bioinspired chemistry
  • composite fibers
  • lotus fiber
  • mechanical properties
  • polymers

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