For several decades, biofeedback has been utilized to help patients gain control of urinary problems. First described in the 1950s, pelvic floor muscle training employing biofeedback techniques has re-emerged as many patients seek to improve their urinary symptoms without medications or invasive procedures. Developing evidence and clinical agreement suggest that the pelvic floor musculature plays an important and often overlooked role in the etiology of lower urinary tract symptoms. New techniques involving computerized visual feedback and electrical stimulation or magnetic stimulation seek to improve the efficacy of pelvic floor muscle exercises. However, findings from the literature for increased response to these exercises with intensity of biofeedback programs are conflicting. While they pose few risks or side effects, biofeedback programs are a time-consuming exercise for patients and providers. As we explore the promising role of pelvic floor rehabilitation in treatment of pelvic floor disorders, we must continue to assess the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of biofeedback as an adjunct to pelvic floor muscle exercises.
- Overactive bladder
- Pelvic floor
- Pelvic floor muscle exercises
- Urinary incontinence