Biocontrol of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense tropical race 4 by formulated cells and cell-free extracts of Streptomyces griseusin sterile soil environment

Fathima Ameena Zacky, Adeline Su Yien Ting

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    Abstract

    The biocontrol activities of cells and cell-free extracts of Streptomyces griseus was tested against Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense tropical race 4 (FOC race 4) in a sterile soil environment. They were first formulated in sodium alginate, kaolin clay and in alginate?kaolin combination, prior to introducing into sterile soil inoculated with 6 log10 cfu FOC race 4 g-1 soil. Results revealed that bioformulated cells of S. griseus, irrespective of the materials used, were generally more effective in inhibiting growth of FOC race 4 when compared to non-formulated cells of S. griseus. Kaolin was the most suitable inert material as formulation of S. griseus with kaolin effectively suppressed FOC race 4, with only 5.40 log10 cfu g-1 of FOC race 4 recovered after 20 days. Kaolin formulations also allowed good cell recovery post-formulation. Alginate was less desirable as poorer control was demonstrated, with 6.12 and 6.16 log10 cfu g-1 of FOC race 4 recovered from soils treated with alginate only and alginate?kaolin formulated S. griseus, respectively. Bioformulations did not benefit cell-free extracts at all. Our study suggests formulation of cells of S. griseus is more beneficial than cell-free extracts and kaolin is the preferred material for formulation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)685 - 696
    Number of pages12
    JournalBiocontrol Science and Technology
    Volume25
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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