Biochemical and biological assessment of the inhibitory potency of extracts from vinification byproducts of Vitis vinifera extracts against glycogen phosphorylase

Anastassia L. Kantsadi, Anna Apostolou, Stavroula Theofanous, George A. Stravodimos, Efthimios Kyriakis, Vyron A. Gorgogietas, Demetra S.M. Chatzileontiadou, Kalliope Pegiou, Vassiliki T. Skamnaki, Dimitrios Stagos, Dimitrios Kouretas, Anna Maria G. Psarra, Serkos A. Haroutounian, Demetres D. Leonidas

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27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The inhibitory potency of thirteen polyphenolic extracts obtained from vinification byproducts of Greek varieties of Vitis vinifera against glycogen phosphorylase (GP) has been studied by kinetic experiments. GP is an enzyme involved in glucose homeostasis and a molecular target for the discovery of new hypoglycemic agents. Studies have shown that all extracts display significant inhibitory potency for GP in vitro with IC50 values in the range of low μg/mL. X-ray crystallographic analysis of GP crystals soaked with two of these extracts revealed that the most active ingredient is quercetin which binds at novel binding site, distinct from the other known sites of the enzyme. One of the most potent of the studied extracts had also a moderate effect on glycogenolysis in the cellular lever with an IC50 value of 17.35μg/mL. These results highlight the importance of natural resources in the quest for the discovery of new hypoglycemic agents, while at the same time they can serve as the starting point for their exploitation for antidiabetic usage and the development of novel biofunctional foods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-43
Number of pages9
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
Volume67
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bioactive polyphenols
  • Glycogen metabolism
  • Glycogen phosphorylase
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Vinification byproducts
  • X-ray crystallography

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