Bioactivity-guided isolation of anticancer agents from Bauhinia kockiana korth

Yik Ling Chew, Yau Yan Lim, Johnson Stanslas, Gwendoline Cheng Lian Ee, Joo Kheng Goh

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: Flowers of Bauhinia kockiana were investigated for their anticancer properties. Methods: Gallic acid (1), and methyl gallate (2), were isolated via bioassay-directed isolation, and they exhibited anticancer properties towards several cancer cell lines, examined using MTT cell viability assay. Pyrogallol (3) was examined against the same cancer cell lines to deduce the bioactive functional group of the phenolic compounds. Results: The results showed that the phenolic compounds could exhibit moderate to weak cytotoxicity towards certain cell lines (GI50 30 - 86 mu M), but were inactive towards DU145 prostate cancer cell (GI50 > 100 mu M). Conclusion: It was observed that pyrogallol moiety was one of the essential functional structures of the phenolic compounds in exhibiting anticancer activity. Also, the carboxyl group of compound (1) was also important in anticancer activity. Examination of the PC-3 cells treated with compound (1) using fluorescence microscopy showed that PC-3 cells were killed by apoptosis.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)291 - 299
    Number of pages9
    JournalAfrican Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines
    Volume11
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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