Bioactive xanthones from Garcinia mangostana

Yong Sze Ong, Vikneswaran Murugaiyah, Bey Hing Goh, Kooi Yeong Khaw

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Otherpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Garcinia mangostana Linn. (mangosteen) is a tropical plant, widely cultivated in Asia including Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia and India. The pericarp of G. mangostana has been used traditionally to treat skin infections, wounds, dysentery, urinary disorders, cystitis and gonorrhoea. Claiming for its benefits in promoting health, mangosteen fruit juice is listed as one of the bestselling supplements worldwide. There are over 60 xanthones together with benzophenones and flavonoids that have been identified in the aerial parts of G. mangostana. Among the bioactives, xanthones are known to exhibit intriguing pharmacological activities including anti-cancer, anti-inflammation, anti-viral, anti-diabetic and anti-neurodegenerative properties. These medicinal effects are explored in greater detail to elucidate their potential uses as a therapeutic agent. This chapter presents an updated information on G. mangostana derivatives and their pharmacological effects and mechanisms of action against chronic diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPlant-derived Bioactives
Subtitle of host publicationChemistry and Mode of Action
EditorsMallappa Kumara Swamy
Place of PublicationSingapore
PublisherSpringer-Verlag London Ltd.
Chapter13
Pages281-300
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9789811523618
ISBN (Print)9789811523601
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Bioactives
  • G. mangostana
  • Pharmacological effects
  • Xanthones

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