Bioactive poly(2-oxazoline)-based nanomaterials bearing arylalkylamine and benzamide motifs possess intrinsic radical trapping and anti-ferroptosis properties

Joshua P. Morrow, David Pizzi, Zihnil A.I. Mazrad, Ashley I. Bush, Kristian Kempe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Radical trapping agents such as Ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1) are capable of rescuing cells from ferroptosis, an iron-dependent form of cell death. Previously, poly(2-oxazoline)-Fer-1 (POx-Fer-1) conjugates were reported, which possess increased water-solubility and remain active after covalent conjugation of Fer-1. In this study, we break down the structural and functional layers of POx-Fer-1 conjugates and reveal that drug-free POx containing arylalkylamine and benzamide motifs show anti-ferroptosis properties. Intriguingly, even the basic construct poly(2-methyl-2-oxazoline-grad-2-phenyl-2-oxazoline) P(MeOx-grad-PhOx) was found to be active. Therefore, P(MeOx-grad-PhOx) of varying compositions were prepared, characterized by 1H NMR spectroscopy and size exclusion chromatography and investigated with regard to their self-assembly in aqueous solution and activity in an in vitro ferroptosis model. These findings were further explored for the design of defined and bioactive core-crosslinked micelles with intrinsic anti-ferroptosis behaviour. Cellular interaction studies involving C11-BODIPY assays and confocal microscopy investigations revealed lysosomal processing of the nanomaterials and perturbation of ferroptotic cell death through reducing lipid-peroxidation. This study highlights new drug/cargo-free anti-ferroptotic nanomaterials as proof of concept that hold potential for therapy of ferroptosis-associated diseases and highlights the role of nanocarriers in a therapeutic context.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3159-3171
Number of pages13
JournalBiomaterials Science
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 7 May 2023

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