Bioactive phytochemicals from papaya seed oil processing by-products

Chin Xuan Tan, Seok Tyug Tan, Seok Shin Tan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Otherpeer-review


The papaya (Carica papaya L.) is a tropical fruit crop that belongs to the family of Caricaceae. Large quantities of papaya seeds are found in the fruit center, and it changes color from white to black following fruit ripening. The spicy-pungent flavored papaya seed is globular in shape and surrounded by a transparent gelatinous aril. Commercially, papaya seed is used as a raw material for manufacturing functional oil and substitute food formulation for black pepper. Defatted papaya seed meal is a by-product produced following oil extraction. It contains high protein and phenolic contents, which can be further utilized to produce food products such as flour and protein supplements. In addition, the high adsorption properties of defatted papaya seed meal highlight its ability to be used as a natural sorbent. Further studies are needed to understand the antioxidant activities of defatted papaya seed meal.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBioactive Phytochemicals from Vegetable Oil and Oilseed Processing By-products
EditorsMohamed Fawzy Ramadan Hassanien
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameReference Series in Phytochemistry
ISSN (Print)2511-834X
ISSN (Electronic)2511-8358


  • Biosorbent
  • Defatted papaya seed
  • Papaya seed
  • Protein concentrate
  • Protein isolate

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