Bio-energy and bio-refinery: Advances and applications

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According to current projections, global crude oil reserves will run out in less than 50 years (Source: IEA). A viable alternative to crude oil is urgently needed. Lignocellulose is the most abundant form of biomass and a potential replacement of crude oil. Unlike today’s oil refineries, future bio-refineries will fractionate biomass rather than crude oil. This paper presents developments in catalysis and process engineering for the conversion of lignocellulose into energy carriers, alternative fuels and chemicals for future bio-refineries.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnergy engineering
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of CAETS 2015 convocation on pathways to sustainability
EditorsK.V. Raghavan, Pernendu Ghosh
Place of PublicationSingapore, Singapore
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9789811031021
ISBN (Print)9789811031014
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Bio-refinery
  • Biomass gasification
  • Biomass to chemicals
  • Biofuels

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