Bio-derived mesoporous disordered carbon: an excellent anode in sodium-ion battery and full-cell lab prototype

Anish Raj K, Manas Ranjan Panda, Dimple P. Dutta, Sagar Mitra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Bio-derived porous carbon has been synthesized from the seeds of Litchi chinensis (lychee) by a simple, economic and environment-friendly approach. The material is characterized by different physical characterization techniques, the XRD and Raman spectra revealed the mixed amorphous and graphitic nature of the carbon whereas FE-SEM, HRTEM, and BET analysis proved its highly porous nature. While testing its application in battery against sodium metal it provided a superficial storage and transport path for sodium-ions. The sodium-ion adsorption mechanism has been well studied by ex-situ experimental techniques. The biocarbon anode further showed an excellent rate capability and a superior electrochemical reversible specific capacity of ∼146 mAh g−1 at 0.2 A g−1 current density after 100 cycles. The biocarbon anode is used to construct a full-cell lab prototype for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) with respect to sodium vanadium phosphate (NVP) as cathode, and observed the specific capacity of ∼266 mAh g−1 at 0.1 A g−1 current density for 50 cycles. These studies reveal the application of naturally abundant biomass-derived biocarbon as a potential anode material for sodium-ion battery application. The construction and demonstration of SIB coin cell with NVP cathode and biocarbon anode open up the possibility of its applications in future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)402-412
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019


  • Anode materials
  • Biocarbon
  • NVP cathode
  • Sodium-ion full-cell
  • Sodium-ion storage mechanism

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