Binding of small mono- and oligomeric integrin ligands to membrane-embedded integrins monitored by surface plasmon-enhanced fluorescence spectroscopy

Daniela Lössner, Horst Kessler, Georgette Thumshirn, Claudia Dahmen, Birgit Wiltschi, Motomu Tanaka, Wolfgang Knoll, Eva Kathrin Sinner, Ute Reuning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


We recently developed a binding assay format by incorporating native transmembrane receptors into artificial phospholipid bilayers on biosensor devices for surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy. By extending the method to surface plasmon-enhanced fluorescence spectroscopy (SPFS), sensitive recording of the association of even very small ligands is enabled. Herewith, we monitored binding of synthetic mono- and oligomeric RGD-based peptides and peptidomimetics to integrins avβ3 and avβ5, after having confirmed correct orientation and functionality of membrane-embedded integrins. We evaluated integrin binding of RGD multimers linked together via aminohexanoic acid (Ahx) spacers and showed that the dimer revealed higher binding activity than the tetramer, followed by the RGD monomers. The peptidomimetic was also found to be highly active with a slightly higher selectivity toward avβ3. The different compounds were also evaluated in in vitro cell adhesion tests for their capacity to interfere with avβ3-mediated cell attachment to vitronectin. We hereby demonstrated that the different RGD monomers were similarly effective; the RGD dimer and tetramer showed comparable IC 50 values, which were, however, significantly higher than those of the monomers. Best cell detachment from vitronectin was achieved by the peptidomimetic. The novel SPFS-binding assay platform proves to be a suitable, reliable, and sensitive method to monitor the binding capacity of small ligands to native transmembrane receptors, here demonstrated for integrins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4524-4533
Number of pages10
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2006
Externally publishedYes

Cite this