Bicycle rider behavior and crash involvement in australia

Steve O’hern, Nora Estgfaeller, Amanda N. Stephens, Sergio A. Useche

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This research investigated how behaviours and attitudes of bicycle riders influence crash frequency and severity. The study recruited 1102 Australian bicycle riders for an online survey. The survey comprised questions on demographics, frequency of riding and the number and severity of traffic crashes during the last five years. The survey included the Cycling Behaviour Questionnaire and the Cyclist Risk Perception and Regulation Scale. Overall, there were low levels of errors and violations reported by participants indicating that these behaviours were on average never or rarely exhibited while riding a bicycle. Conversely, participants reported high levels of engagement in positive behaviours and reported high levels of traffic rule knowledge and risk perception. Higher rates of violations and errors were associated with increased crash likelihood, while higher rates of positive behaviours were associated with reduced rates of crash involvement in a period of 5 years. The findings highlight the relationship between errors, total crashes and crash severity Further promotion of positive behaviours amongst riders may also help to reduce the risk of crashes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2378
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021


  • Behaviour
  • Cycling
  • Road safety

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