Beyond Hybridity: A Feminist Political Economy of Timor-Leste’s Problematic Post-conflict Peacebuilding

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Hybrid theories of peacebuilding explain the problematic outcomes of intervention as a result of a hybrid between the aims and norms of ‘liberal’ internationals and ‘non-liberal’ locals. This paper critiques such theories via a case study of East Timor post-conflict peacebuilding. Using a feminist political economy approach, and drawing on extensive primary data, the paper argues that there are no discrete groups of ‘liberal’ interveners and ‘local’ subjects, or any hybrids thereof. Problematic results cannot be located in hybrid peacebuilding. Rather, it explains how an elite class coalition has risen to dominate the post-conflict East Timorese state relying on a highly gendered allocation of the country’s petroleum fund resources. This gendered access to resources has allowed the elite coalition to shore up materially exploitative patriarchal relations, strongest among the rural base, and to consolidate a fragile, yet historically resilient, socio-political coalition crucial to its rule.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Studies Association (ISA) 2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventInternational Studies Association Annual Convention 2017 - Baltimore, United States of America
Duration: 22 Feb 201725 Feb 2017
Conference number: 58th


ConferenceInternational Studies Association Annual Convention 2017
Abbreviated titleISA 2017
CountryUnited States of America
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