Beyond Google play: a large-scale comparative study of Chinese android app markets

Haoyu Wang, Zhe Liu, Jingyue Liang, Narseo Vallina-Rodriguez, Yao Guo, Li Li, Juan Tapiador, Jingcun Cao, Guoai Xu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

Abstract

China is one of the largest Android markets in the world. As Chinese users cannot access Google Play to buy and install Android apps, a number of independent app stores have emerged and compete in the Chinese app market. Some of the Chinese app stores are pre-installed vendor-specific app markets (e.g., Huawei, Xiaomi and OPPO), whereas others are maintained by large tech companies (e.g., Baidu, Qihoo 360 and Tencent). The nature of these app stores and the content available through them vary greatly, including their trustworthiness and security guarantees. As of today, the research community has not studied the Chinese Android ecosystem in depth. To fill this gap, we present the first large-scale comparative study that covers more than 6 million Android apps downloaded from 16 Chinese app markets and Google Play. We focus our study on catalog similarity across app stores, their features, publishing dynamics, and the prevalence of various forms of misbehavior (including the presence of fake, cloned and malicious apps). Our findings also suggest heterogeneous developer behavior across app stores, in terms of code maintenance, use of third-party services, and so forth. Overall, Chinese app markets perform substantially worse when taking active measures to protect mobile users and legit developers from deceptive and abusive actors, showing a significantly higher prevalence of malware, fake, and cloned apps than Google Play.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIMC ’18 - Proceedings of the Internet Measurement Conference
Subtitle of host publicationOctober 31 – November 2 Boston, MA, USA
EditorsBen Y. Zhao, Ethan Katz-Bassett
Place of PublicationNew York NY USA
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Pages293-307
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9781450356190
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventInternet Measurement Conference 2018 - Boston, United States of America
Duration: 31 Oct 20182 Nov 2018
https://conferences.sigcomm.org/imc/2018/

Conference

ConferenceInternet Measurement Conference 2018
Abbreviated titleIMC 2018
CountryUnited States of America
CityBoston
Period31/10/182/11/18
Internet address

Keywords

  • Android market
  • App ecosystem
  • Cloned app
  • Google Play
  • Malware
  • Permission
  • Third-party library

Cite this

Wang, H., Liu, Z., Liang, J., Vallina-Rodriguez, N., Guo, Y., Li, L., ... Xu, G. (2018). Beyond Google play: a large-scale comparative study of Chinese android app markets. In B. Y. Zhao, & E. Katz-Bassett (Eds.), IMC ’18 - Proceedings of the Internet Measurement Conference: October 31 – November 2 Boston, MA, USA (pp. 293-307). New York NY USA: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). https://doi.org/10.1145/3278532.3278558
Wang, Haoyu ; Liu, Zhe ; Liang, Jingyue ; Vallina-Rodriguez, Narseo ; Guo, Yao ; Li, Li ; Tapiador, Juan ; Cao, Jingcun ; Xu, Guoai. / Beyond Google play : a large-scale comparative study of Chinese android app markets. IMC ’18 - Proceedings of the Internet Measurement Conference: October 31 – November 2 Boston, MA, USA. editor / Ben Y. Zhao ; Ethan Katz-Bassett. New York NY USA : Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2018. pp. 293-307
@inproceedings{4e1e117156a64af68f7b428896c3c228,
title = "Beyond Google play: a large-scale comparative study of Chinese android app markets",
abstract = "China is one of the largest Android markets in the world. As Chinese users cannot access Google Play to buy and install Android apps, a number of independent app stores have emerged and compete in the Chinese app market. Some of the Chinese app stores are pre-installed vendor-specific app markets (e.g., Huawei, Xiaomi and OPPO), whereas others are maintained by large tech companies (e.g., Baidu, Qihoo 360 and Tencent). The nature of these app stores and the content available through them vary greatly, including their trustworthiness and security guarantees. As of today, the research community has not studied the Chinese Android ecosystem in depth. To fill this gap, we present the first large-scale comparative study that covers more than 6 million Android apps downloaded from 16 Chinese app markets and Google Play. We focus our study on catalog similarity across app stores, their features, publishing dynamics, and the prevalence of various forms of misbehavior (including the presence of fake, cloned and malicious apps). Our findings also suggest heterogeneous developer behavior across app stores, in terms of code maintenance, use of third-party services, and so forth. Overall, Chinese app markets perform substantially worse when taking active measures to protect mobile users and legit developers from deceptive and abusive actors, showing a significantly higher prevalence of malware, fake, and cloned apps than Google Play.",
keywords = "Android market, App ecosystem, Cloned app, Google Play, Malware, Permission, Third-party library",
author = "Haoyu Wang and Zhe Liu and Jingyue Liang and Narseo Vallina-Rodriguez and Yao Guo and Li Li and Juan Tapiador and Jingcun Cao and Guoai Xu",
year = "2018",
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Wang, H, Liu, Z, Liang, J, Vallina-Rodriguez, N, Guo, Y, Li, L, Tapiador, J, Cao, J & Xu, G 2018, Beyond Google play: a large-scale comparative study of Chinese android app markets. in BY Zhao & E Katz-Bassett (eds), IMC ’18 - Proceedings of the Internet Measurement Conference: October 31 – November 2 Boston, MA, USA. Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), New York NY USA, pp. 293-307, Internet Measurement Conference 2018, Boston, United States of America, 31/10/18. https://doi.org/10.1145/3278532.3278558

Beyond Google play : a large-scale comparative study of Chinese android app markets. / Wang, Haoyu; Liu, Zhe; Liang, Jingyue; Vallina-Rodriguez, Narseo; Guo, Yao; Li, Li; Tapiador, Juan; Cao, Jingcun; Xu, Guoai.

IMC ’18 - Proceedings of the Internet Measurement Conference: October 31 – November 2 Boston, MA, USA. ed. / Ben Y. Zhao; Ethan Katz-Bassett. New York NY USA : Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2018. p. 293-307.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

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AU - Wang, Haoyu

AU - Liu, Zhe

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AB - China is one of the largest Android markets in the world. As Chinese users cannot access Google Play to buy and install Android apps, a number of independent app stores have emerged and compete in the Chinese app market. Some of the Chinese app stores are pre-installed vendor-specific app markets (e.g., Huawei, Xiaomi and OPPO), whereas others are maintained by large tech companies (e.g., Baidu, Qihoo 360 and Tencent). The nature of these app stores and the content available through them vary greatly, including their trustworthiness and security guarantees. As of today, the research community has not studied the Chinese Android ecosystem in depth. To fill this gap, we present the first large-scale comparative study that covers more than 6 million Android apps downloaded from 16 Chinese app markets and Google Play. We focus our study on catalog similarity across app stores, their features, publishing dynamics, and the prevalence of various forms of misbehavior (including the presence of fake, cloned and malicious apps). Our findings also suggest heterogeneous developer behavior across app stores, in terms of code maintenance, use of third-party services, and so forth. Overall, Chinese app markets perform substantially worse when taking active measures to protect mobile users and legit developers from deceptive and abusive actors, showing a significantly higher prevalence of malware, fake, and cloned apps than Google Play.

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Wang H, Liu Z, Liang J, Vallina-Rodriguez N, Guo Y, Li L et al. Beyond Google play: a large-scale comparative study of Chinese android app markets. In Zhao BY, Katz-Bassett E, editors, IMC ’18 - Proceedings of the Internet Measurement Conference: October 31 – November 2 Boston, MA, USA. New York NY USA: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). 2018. p. 293-307 https://doi.org/10.1145/3278532.3278558