Better understanding diverse end user website usage challenges with browser-based augmented reality approaches

Minh Hieu Vu, Joshua (Shuki) Wyman, John Grundy, Anuradha Madugalla

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review


Software engineers are usually quite different from their end users, especially those with a variety of accessibility related usage challenges. These include, but are not limited to, sight, hearing, cognitive, mobility, hand control, age, language and many others. A popular approach to assist developers in understanding and designing for these diverse end user accessibility challenges are ‘Augmented Reality’ (AR) browser-based plug-ins. These attempt to mimic how a user with a particular challenge or set of challenges will perceive viewing and interacting with a target web site. We review work on developing such plug-ins, summarise some of the popular AR brower-based plug-ins designed to support accessibility design and evaluation, and report results of a developer survey we conducted on their requirements and usage of such tools. We then report a detailed heuristic evaluation of a popular example, Funkify, and discuss the performance of several of its simulators on commonly used web site exemplars. Finally we identify and report a range of future research needs in this area.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEvaluation of Novel Approaches to Software Engineering - 17th International Conference, ENASE 2022 Virtual Event, April 25–26, 2022 Revised Selected Papers
EditorsHermann Kaindl, Mike Mannion, Leszek A. Maciaszek
Place of PublicationCham Switzerland
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9783031365973
ISBN (Print)9783031365966
Publication statusPublished - 2023
EventInternational Conference on Evaluation of Novel Approaches to Software Engineering 2022 - Online
Duration: 25 Apr 202226 Apr 2022
Conference number: 17th (Proceedings) (Website)


ConferenceInternational Conference on Evaluation of Novel Approaches to Software Engineering 2022
Abbreviated titleENASE 2022
Internet address


  • Accessibility
  • Disability simulation
  • Human aspects
  • Human computer interaction
  • Software engineering

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