BET inhibition induces apoptosis in aggressive B-cell lymphoma via epigenetic regulation of BCL-2 family members

Simon J. Hogg, Andrea Newbold, Stephin J. Vervoort, Leonie A. Cluse, Benjamin P. Martin, Gareth P. Gregory, Marcus Lefebure, Eva Vidacs, Richard W. Tothill, James E. Bradner, Jake Shortt, Ricky W. Johnstone

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52 Citations (Scopus)


Targeting BET bromodomain proteins using small molecules is an emerging anticancer strategy with clinical evaluation of at least six inhibitors now underway. Although MYC downregulation was initially proposed as a keymechanistic property of BET inhibitors, recent evidence suggests that additional antitumor activities are important. Using the Eμ-Myc model of B-cell lymphoma, we demonstrate that BET inhibition with JQ1 is a potent inducer of p53-independent apoptosis that occurs in the absence of effects on Myc gene expression. JQ1 skews the expression of proapoptotic (Bim) and antiapoptotic (BCL-2/BCL-xL) BCL-2 family members to directly engage the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. Consistent with this, Bim knockout or Bcl-2 overexpression inhibited apoptosis induction by JQ1. We identified lymphomas that were either intrinsically resistant to JQ1-mediated death or acquired resistance following in vivo exposure. Strikingly, in both instances BCL-2 was strongly upregulated and was concomitant with activation of RAS pathways. Eμ-Myc lymphomas engineered to express activated Nras upregulated BCL-2 and acquired a JQ1 resistance phenotype. These studies provide important information on mechanisms of apoptosis induction and resistance to BETinhibition, while providing further rationale for the translation of BET inhibitors in aggressive B-cell lymphomas.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2030-2041
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Cancer Therapeutics
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2016

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