Being good while being bad: social responsibility and the international diversification of US firms

Vanessa M. Strike, Jijun Gao, Pratima Bansal

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

365 Citations (Scopus)


This paper contributes to the discussion on international diversification and corporate social responsibility (CSR) by suggesting that firms can be simultaneously socially responsible and socially irresponsible. To test our assertions, we analyze data from 222 publicly traded US firms from 1993 to 2003. The findings support our hypotheses, and have significant implications for the way in which we conceptualize CSR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)850-862
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of International Business Studies
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 14 Nov 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Corporate social irresponsibility
  • Corporate social responsibility
  • International diversification
  • Multinational corporations
  • Time series cross-sectional analysis

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