行为安全“2-4”模型及其在煤矿安全管理中的应用

Translated title of the contribution: Behavior-based accident causation: the "2-4" model and its safety implications in coal mines

Gui Fu, Wen Tao Yin, Ji Ye Dong, Di Fan, Cherrie Jiuhua Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The literature demonstrates that nearly 100% of the accidents are caused by the "management loopholes" liability. However, the accidents are neither accurately specified by the classical accident causation chain models of Heinrich and others, nor by the contemporary causation chain theories. Based on organizational behavior and accident causation theories, a new accident causation chain, the behavior-based "2-4" model, is proposed. In the "2-4" model, the accident causation chain consists of two separated levels, namely, organizational and individual behavior, and two stages as guiding behavior and operational behavior at organizational level, and two stages as habitual behavior and act at individual level, which respectively covers from root, radical, indirect to direct reasons of an accident. More specifically, they include the organizational safety culture, safety management system, personal safety knowledge, safety consciousness, safety habits, personal unsafe act and unsafe conditions. When the management loopholes are emphasized as the defects of behavioral control, the multiple case study method is adopted to empirically analyze the causes of accidents in Chinese coal mines. The results indicate that the accident causation can be accurately located within one or more stages of the "2-4" model, thus the organizations can take active and clear measures to effectively prevent accidents.

Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)1123-1129
Number of pages7
JournalMeitan Xuebao/Journal of the China Coal Society
Volume38
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013

Keywords

  • Accident causation
  • Accurate location
  • Behavior safety model
  • Coal mine accidents
  • Management loopholes

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