Bax-regulated mitochondria-mediated apoptosis is responsible for the in vitro ischemia induced neuronal cell death of Sprague Dawley rat

Chi Hsin Lin, Yen Zhen Lu, Fu Chou Cheng, Lan Feng Chu, Chi Mei Hsueh

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An in vitro ischemia model was used to determine the molecular mechanisms responsible for the ischemia-induced neuronal cell death. Additionally, the neuronal protective mechanisms of anti-apoptotic drugs against ischemia were also evaluated. In this study, the primary neuronal cultures were incubated in an anoxic chamber with 95% of N 2 and 5% of CO 2 for various times. The death rate, degree of the apoptotic damage, reduction of mitochondrial membrane potential, translocation of Bax, release of cytochrome C and activation of caspase-9 and -3 were determined at each time point. Results showed that a Bax-regulated mitochondria- mediated apoptosis is responsible for the in vitro ischemia-induced neuronal death. Reduction in mitochondrial membrane potential plays no role in triggering this apoptosis. Furthermore, the anti-apoptotic drugs: furosemide (a Bax blocker) and ZVAD-fmk (caspase inhibitor) but not cyclosporine A (a MPT pore blocker), significantly protected the neurons against ischemia-induced damage. This provides an additional consideration in the future selection of new anti-ischemic drugs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-27
Number of pages6
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume387
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Oct 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Bax
  • Caspases
  • Furosemide
  • In vitro ischemia
  • Mitochondria
  • Neuronal cell death
  • ZVAD-fmk

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