Basement membranes (BMs) are specializations of the extracellular matrix that act as key mediators of development and disease. Their sheet like protein matrices typically serve to separate epithelial or endothelial cell layers from underlying mesenchymal tissues, providing both a biophysical support to overlying tissue as well as a hub to promote and regulate cell-cell and cell-protein interactions. In the latter context, the BM is increasingly being recognized as a mediator of growth factor interactions during development. In this review, we discuss recent findings regarding the structure of the BM and its roles in mediating the normal development of the embryo, and we examine congenital diseases affecting the BM which impact embryonic development and health in later life.
|Pages (from-to)||8 - 31|
|Number of pages||24|
|Journal||Birth Defects Research Part C: Embryo Today Reviews|
|Publication status||Published - 2010|
Wiradjaja, F., Ditommaso, T. M., & Smyth, I. M. (2010). Basement membranes in development and disease. Birth Defects Research Part C: Embryo Today Reviews, 90(1), 8 - 31. https://doi.org/10.1002/bdrc.20172