Barriers to the detection and management of depression by palliative care professional carers among their patients: perspectives from professional carers and patients' family members

David John Mellor, Marita McCabe, Tanya Ellen Davison, Denisa Goldhammer, David J Hallford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Clinical depression is highly prevalent yet underdetected and poorly managed within palliative care settings. Objectives: This qualitative study explored the identification, monitoring, and management of symptoms of depression in patients receiving palliative care from 2 juxtaposed perspectives that are of care providers and care recipients family members. Examining the barriers that restrict professional carers detecting and managing depression in their patients was a central focus of the study. Methods: Focus groups were held with 18 professional carers, including 8 holding managerial positions, across 2 palliative care services, 1 regional and 1 metropolitan, which provided both inpatient and community-based care. Individual interviews were conducted with 10 family members of patients who had received or were receiving palliative care through these services. Results: Thematic analysis of these data identified that both professional carers and family members perceived that depression is a wide-spread concern for patients receiving palliative care; however, numerous barriers were identified that affect professional carers ability to identify depression. These included knowledge and training deficits, low self-efficacy, prioritization of physical concerns and time constraints, patient/family characteristics, and system/process issues. These themes (and related subthemes) are discussed in this article. Conclusions: Specialized training in depression is recommended for professional carers in order to improve their depression-related knowledge, detection skills, and self-efficacy. The ultimate goal of such training is to increase the rate of recognition of depression that in turn will lead to appropriate treatment for depressed patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12 - 20
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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