Ballistocardiogram of avian eggs determined by an electromagnetic induction coil

H. Ono, R. Akiyama, Y. Sakamoto, J. T. Pearson, H. Tazawa

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As an avian embryo grows within an eggshell, the whole egg is moved by embryonic activity and also by the embryonic heartbeat. A technical interest in detecting minute biological movements has prompted the development of techniques and systems to measure the cardiogenic ballistic movement of the egg or ballistocardiogram. (BCG). In this context, there is interest in using an electromagnetic induction coil (solenoid) as another simple sensor to measure the BCG and examining its possibility for BCG measurement. A small permanent magnet is attached tightly to the surface of an incubated egg, and then the egg with the magnet is placed in a solenoid. Preliminary model analysis is made to design a setup of the egg, magnet and solenoid coupling system. Then, simultaneous measurement with a laser displacement measuring system, developed previously, is made for chicken eggs, indicating that the solenoid detects the minute cardiogenic ballistic movements and that the BCG determined is a measure of the velocity of egg movements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)431-435
Number of pages5
JournalMedical and Biological Engineering and Computing
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Ballistocardiogram
  • Cardiogenic movement
  • Chicken egg
  • Embryo
  • Induction coil
  • Laser displacement meter
  • Model analysis

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